Techniques

Myofascial Release – Massage Techniques

Technique

  • Myofasical Release

Definition

  • Therapeutic stretching and loosening of tight fascial layers surrounding muscle and functional groups

Clinical Application

  • Muscle should be in neutral position or slack position
  • Slow application of technique, stop and wait for release
  • Pain should decrease with each application
  • Clear area well

Indications

  • Adhesive scar tissue due to trauma
  • Adhesive fascial restriction due to postural abnormalities or immobilization
  • Joint restriction due to immobilization

Contra-indications

  • Acute inflammation or inflammatory conditions
  • Excessive hyperaemia or heat
  • Unhealed wounds, burns and cute skin conditions

Physiological Effect

  • Fascial tissue is separated from adhered muscle fibres

Effleurage – Massage Therapy Techniques

Technique

  • Effleurage

Definition

  • Slow rhythmical gliding strokes in the direction of blood flow maintaining continuous contact.

Clinical Application

  • Introduction of touch
  • Spreads oil or lotion
  • Finishing stroke
  • Ensure hands are relaxed , flexible
  • Heavier pressure on upstroke and lighter on the down stroke

Indications

  • Begin and end treatment
  • Palpation assessment
  • Sluggish circulation
  • Edema
  • Muscle tension
  • Pain control
  • Prevents adhesions and fibrosis

Contra-indications

  • High blood pressure
  • DVT/varicose veins
  • Unhealed wound
  • All local and general CI’s

Physiological Effect

  • Increase superficial blood flow
  • Increases blood pressure initially then decreases
  • Increases permeability
  • Increases lymphatic flow/ decreases edema
  • Stimulates large mechanoreceptors which modulates pain